Tag Archives: narendra modi

#StateOfPlay: Celebrating surgical strikes? No thanks.

By Jugal R Purohit

Speaking at Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh on Tuesday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi lauded the media for its coverage of the first anniversary of the surgical strikes. These strikes were conducted in the aftermath of the Uri camp attack which led to the death of 18 army personnel on September 18 last year.

Incidentally, even as the PM was speaking, security personnel in Srinagar were responding to a boisterous attempt by three terrorists to script another Uri-like attack. They targeted the battalion headquarters of the Border Security Force (BSF) where close to 200 personnel and their families were present.

In the year gone by, several such attempts have been made by the terrorists. The surgical strikes, one can say, have neither deterred them nor their Pakistan-based handlers.

Yet none of this came in the way of ‘celebrating’ the operation.

Did anyone ask if all measures to prevent such Uri-like camp intrusions had been implemented? If yes, why are they still taking place? If they haven’t been implemented then why so?

These strikes were meant to be yet another option in deterring Pakistan from aiding and abetting terrorism in Kashmir. What are the other options? How have we implemented them? What happened to the question of delivering better governance in the state which to my mind is the biggest step in coming closer to solving quagmire?

For one, Delhi claims it has refined the counter-terror mechanism in Kashmir because of which it has achieved more terrorist kills in comparison to previous years. Adding to the argument, those on the ground insist the present year is a calmer one (167 violent incidents recorded till June 30, 2017) coming after 322 recorded incidents – highest in the last five years – in 2016. A senior officer in Srinagar reasoned, “We are controlling better, more tightly than before.”

Along the Line of Control (LoC), the surgical strikes were followed by a severe intensification of cross-LoC firing. The 449 ceasefire violations in 2016, bulk of which were recorded in the aftermath of the surgical strikes, consumed the lives of seven security personnel (not to speak of those 29,000 who had been temporarily displaced or the civilians who’ve been hit, killed or lost property). Interestingly, if you are to keep the casualties in the months of October and November of last year aside, data between April 2016 and March 2017 shows India only lost two service personnel in the firing.

But this isn’t all that happened.

A PRS Legislative Research Jammu and Kashmir Budget analysis of 2017-18 tells us that investment in the state which amounted for Rs 4866 crore from 2009-10 to 2014-15, averaging Rs 973 crore a year, slowed down to Rs 267 crore in 2015-16. What does that mean on the ground? Rate of unemployment for persons between 18-29 years of age in the state hovered at 24.6 per cent when the national average was 13.2 per cent. Among persons between 15-17 years of age, it was at 57.7 per cent when the corresponding national average was 19.8 per cent.
(http://www.prsindia.org/administrator/uploads/general/1484568158_JK%202017-18%20Budget%20Analysis.pdf)

 

State’s Finance Minister Haseeb A Drabu, on January 11, 2017, made an insightful comment when he said, “Unemployment is a social issue of serious magnitude in the state. Even as the rate of unemployment is supposed to be very high in the state, we do not have actual figures” (http://jakfinance.nic.in/Budget17/speechEng.pdf)

 

In J&K, when comparing the average growth between 2005-10 and 2010-15, a decline is seen from 5.8 per cent to 4.5 per cent. In agriculture (which employs 64 per cent of the population and contributes 22 per cent to the economy), manufacturing (employs 11 per cent and contributes 25 per cent) and services (employs 25 per cent and contributes 53 per cent), the current levels of growth pale when compared to the growth in 2005-10. (http://www.prsindia.org/administrator/uploads/general/1464866443_Jammu%20and%20Kashmir%20Budget%20Analysis%202016-17.pdf)

 

Two recent news reports from Srinagar caught my eye.

The Indian Express reported on October 4 that ‘schools, especially higher secondary ones, have been open for a little more than hundred days throughout the 11-month session so far. It is the second consecutive year that schools in the valley have remained shut for most part of the academic session’.  Day after, Hindustan Times quoted, ‘Combined cases of drug abuse and related psychological issues also went up from more than 14,500 cases in 2014 to 33,222 in 2016, a staggering 130% increase in two years. This year till April alone, this number is 13,352’.

Did Delhi and Srinagar face any questions over this?

When I tried finding out a voice on the ground to understand the human story from these numbers, I bumped into Muneeb Mir (37), a businessman operating from Pampore. He said, “We see the iron fist of the government, we see a return to the cordon and search approach we thought we had last seen in the 90s. We understand it helps the rightist agenda of the government to be seen as muscular but what really worries us is this – earlier the narrative of the government was one thing and the narrative of the people the other. Today that line has blurred and this dominating rightist narrative worries us.”

Speaking of anniversaries, it was in October 1947 that Jammu and Kashmir’s erstwhile ruler, Maharaja Hari Singh signed the instrument of accession, paving the way for the state to become a part of India. An undated letter written by Jawaharlal Nehru to Hari Singh published in Ramachandra Guha’s seminal ‘India After Gandhi’ carried the following text:

“Even if military forces held Kashmir for a while, a later consequence might be a strong reaction against this. Essentially, therefore, this is a problem of psychological approach to the mass of the people and of making them feel they will be benefited by being in the Indian Union. If the average Muslim feels that he has no safe or secure place in the Union, then obviously he will look elsewhere. Our basic policy must keep this in view, or else we fail”.

So, what happened?

THIS PIECE FIRST APPEARED ON THE SITE DAILYO:

http://www.dailyo.in/voices/surgical-stirke-uri-attack-kashmir-insurgency/story/1/19947.html

 

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RE-UP: As 50th anniv of ’65 War & 100 days of #OROP protest coincide, my two bits, @PMOIndia

Respected Sir,

Since I cover issues pertaining to security and conflict, I’ve also had the opportunity to report on One Rank One Pension (OROP).

On September 5, I was present in Room 129 D of the South Block where defence minister Manohar Parrikar made the announcement on OROP. Many of my colleagues incorrectly referred to this event as a press conference. I am sure you’d appreciate that when no questions or clarifications are allowed, the event becomes an announcement.

Why was such a stance adopted for such an occasion, I still ponder.

This brings me to the heart of the issue I’d like to raise.

Unlike matters of operations, acquisitions or investigations where details are best withheld till a suitable time is arrived at, OROP is an issue where maximum transparency could and should be demonstrated.

But this has hardly been observed.

Be it when multiple well-wishers of your government were talking to the protesting veterans (seven names were made public) for a solution or when the defence minister, flanked by the service chiefs, defence secretary and his junior minister, simply walked out after reading a prepared statement. So many queries arose seeing this. Yet, doubts were met with not one clarification. In fact, even among several serving defence personnel the feeling is that the “way OROP was handled” could’ve been much better.

Doubts also persist because the order for implementation of OROP – the original aim of the protest – has still not materialised. The issue of “voluntary retirement” which found a way into the announcement by Parrikar led to immense anger, notwithstanding your words later. All this has ensured that whenever your government issues the order, it will be read it with a doubt in mind and a magnifying glass in hand.

Protests at Jantar Mantar on the eve of SAINIK EKTA RALLY on September 12
Protests at Jantar Mantar on the eve of SAINIK EKTA RALLY on September 12

I am sure you did not desire such a bitter state.

Mr Modi, when it was announced that the government will revise thepensions of our veterans once in five years and not one, as they demanded, was it not important that your government told us why? I could, in fact, ask the same for the slew of anomalies which have emerged where you felt no explanation was necessary.

May I also add that seeking clarifications isn’t the same as rejecting arguments.

Is the problem in granting them OROP, the way they have been asking for, a financial one or an administrative one or a political one? I must say you’ve allowed doubts to creep in. Former army chief Gen NC Vij, whom I met on the evening of September 5 said it, “If there was an issue with the finances or anything else, I would expect our government to be open to the veterans and talk. They are patriots, not unreasonable agitators.”

I distinctly recall your words before you took over as the prime minister. You said, “Politicians should learn to say ‘no’ and bureaucrats should learn to say ‘yes’.” Was it your turn to say “no” or your bureaucrats who should’ve said “yes”?

Allow me to put on record a belief that many hold, not without merit. For those joining the government post 2004, pensions have become contributory in nature which means the government has less liability. This includes officers from services like Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and even those from Central Armed Police Force (CAPF). In comparison, government is continuing the old pension scheme only for the army, navy and air force. Is that not showing respect and granting a special place? I think it is. Is the economy free of all the encumbrances for you to give in to whatever it asked for? No, it isn’t.

While the general perception, thanks to your superb oratory and the might of the government propaganda, is that the entire OROP issue is settled, the veterans are still protesting. They just held a massive rally on Saturday to buttress their point. On asking they point to what they believe are major anomalies.

Your government has taken an important step. Your government has a former army chief and a celebrated colonel as ministers and yet this dichotomy!

Before things implode then, can we have a frank talk?

COLUMN APPEARED FIRST IN DAILYO

CG791: Month after Coast Guard Dornier vanished, officer’s father writes to PM Modi. Says, “Don’t let it remain a mystery”.

Story appeared in MAIL TODAY newspaper on July 7, 2015
Story appeared in MAIL TODAY newspaper on July 7, 2015

·         Does no country in the world have the technology to track the missing Dornier plane? If so when will seek the assistance from them?

·         In future what should be done to prevent such tragedies?

·         If there is a question mark on the safety of defence personnel, won’t parents think twice before allowing their wards to join the armed forces?

With three pointed questions to none less than the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, father of the untraceable Coast Guard navigator Deputy Commandant MK Soni has called into question the efforts put in by the government to trace the Dornier plane and its three crew members, exactly a month after it disappeared.

On  June 8, it was at 2123hours that CG791, while returning to Chennai, suddenly vanished from the radar screens of personnel at Trichy, 95 nautical miles south, off Chennai. All efforts to trace the whereabouts since then have been fruitless. In his letter to the PM which was sent on Saturday, a copy of which is with the correspondent, Soni’s father, Radheshyam Soni pleads with Modi to ensure that this disappearance does not remain a mystery forever.

Deputy Commandant MK Soni was the navigator onboard CG791
Deputy Commandant MK Soni was the navigator onboard CG791

Soni, in his short letter to the PM wrote, “Request you to please look into this matter with utmost urgency. The search process needs to be fast-tracked and we should do whatever is required to get the results ASAP.” Expressing satisfaction with the steps taken by both the Coast Guard and Navy, he stated that they have done their “best” yet there are no “concrete results”. Before concluding, he added, “We are dying every second. Please understand our situation and let’s not have the sacrifice of 3 young pilots go missing as a mystery.”

On the other side of the divide, Coast Guard officials confirmed that the search effort has been ramped up from what it has been like in the last few days. Apart from the naval submarine INS Sindhudhvaj which has been re-deployed in the search area to sniff around for signals emanating from the wreck, Coast Guard has also sought the re-entry of Olympic Canyon, a Remotely Operated Vehicle support ship owned by Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) for going right down to the bottom of the floor and checking. This is in addition to four surface ships of the navy and coast guard which are deployed at all times and two dedicated plane sorties that are conducted over the area every day to pick up any sign of debris.

When asked if there was any additional assistance that could be sought, a Coast Guard official revealed, “We have been asking our counterparts in advanced countries like US and Japan but there too we are drawing a blank.” Another senior MoD official said, “There is nothing that we have not done till date. If anyone suggests it, we are willing to do it but it’s just a freak thing where nothing is yielding.”

Soni's family members await his return
Soni’s family members await his return

‘Frustrating! Despair follows hope’

Describing the difficulties involved, a coast guard official said, “We are unable to localize the suspected site despite repeated attempts. False echoes are emanating. Every time we pick up a signal and search, the target has eluded us. The ROV from Olmpic Canyon is our best bet as it has two ROVs which can be lowered at a time and each of them has four cameras which can show of pictures of 5m in a 360 degree fashion. There too the weather is playing truant as RIL is unable to complete its activities and ship it to us.”

Box-ON THE JOB

·         Four naval and coast guard ships patrol the suspected site of crash for any sign of debris from the plane

·         Two special Dornier plane flights are undertaken every day over the suspected site for the same reason

·         Submarine INS Sindhudhvaj has been re-deployed to scan the steep continental slope for any signals emanating from the downed Dornier’s beacon

·         Coast Guard has deployed smaller boats off Karaikal and Pondicherry to scan the waters there for any debris from the plane

·         Coast Guard has sought Reliance Industries Limited’s (RIL) ROV support vessel Olympic Canyon for at least four days

·         Hyderabad-based National Remote Sensing Centre has provided high resolution imagery along with mathematical modeling done by Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS)

·         ISRO has been roped in and is in touch with experts from Russia to pick up even the weakest of signals from the suspected wreck

·         All cargo ships, fishing vessels, naval and coast guard vessels in Palk Bay region have been asked to look out for debris

·         Naval survey ship with side scan sonar, highly advanced vessel Sagar Nidhi belonging to National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) has been used

·         Using state forest staff, mangrove swamps have been searched in the local area

(http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/coast-guard-dornier-navigator-narendra-modi-navy/1/449625.html)

LINK: AK Antony, India’s longest-serving Defence minister gave his first interview in the last eight years. I was the lucky journalist. Watch here.

Here he gives his take on how the defence of India has been handled in the year gone by:

Sir, you know what to do. Let me tell what NOT to. Letter to my CM @ArvindKejriwal

Mr. Arvind Kejriwal, as the celebrations carry on, I am reporting on the state of exhilaration being seen and felt in Delhi. Clearly the city-state has never seen such a decisive mandate. It is as if Delhi wanted to correct the hung mandate it gave and the resultant impasse and in doing so it expressed an unprecedented anguish which drowned even those who claimed they had a copyright over generating waves.

Well done, Sir.

I had also in the last few days observed and reported about how your party was all set to rout the BJP. Still you, your candidates and leaders expressed doubts over how Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) would be tampered with and the ruling party would misuse the bureaucracy and state apparatus to stop your March. I hope that you now agree that we do have robust systems and a deep-rooted democracy in place.

This is a small message that I, not only as a resident of Delhi but also someone who saw your previous government from close quarters, want to share with you on this historic day. So here it goes:

1. Your voters want comfort and do not enjoy the politics of confrontation.

2. Corruption is definitely an issue but not something over which they will seek to inconvenience themselves over a long period.

3. Governance is not only about Jan Lokpal bill or curbing corruption. There is much more you can do.

4. Do not tell us how the Modi govt at the centre or Khattar govt in Haryana or Samajwadi govt in UP or AIADMK govt in Tamil Nadu is trying to make life difficult for you. Administrators find solutions and not merely flag problems.

5. Do not feel you have humbled the PM just because you won in Delhi. Modi is no walkover and just eight months ago, he won, just like you today, with an unprecedented margin. The country hasn’t given you his job. You both have a mandate, separate mandates I must say.

6. The opposition, at the national level, is in disarray and I feel your victory that too in Delhi has given wind to their sails. When, a day before voting, I was informed of parties like JDU, CPM, JDU, RJD rallying behind you, I was hardly surprised. In the coming days you will have more such faces swarming to you, may even promise you a national role as a giant killer. DON’T FALL FOR THAT JUST YET. Delhi has voted you in, be faithful. You may be known nationally but it doesn’t mean you are PM candidate, not just yet.

7. Delhi needs governance and desperately so. Work hard, build Delhi, make it a model of governance the way others have done so in other states and then look beyond.

8. Of all the people, Anna Hazare has said today that you must focus on deliverables and not indulge in things which only draw media attention. Avoid metro, accept the security staff you get, accept the residence a Delhi CM is entitled to, if your car needs a red light atop, please dont go to the press complaining about it.

9. Control your party volunteers. A white Gandhi topi is going to be in great demand. At traffic junctions, at important gates, anyone wearing white topi will expect VIP treatment. I don’t mean to sound rude but your volunteers are equally rabid to those who you crushed in these elections.

10. Sab chor nahee hai! You have said many things to many people, journalists including. ‘Bikey hue hai sab ke sab’, is something I have heard from you before. Since many among us covered your campaign faithfully (like we did for those who lost) I am hopeful that as an administrator you will handle people and subjects in a better manner and not go for what George Bush described as ‘with us or against us’. Not everyone who will question you will be an Ambani or these days, Adani agent including yours truly.

Also, as a side point this time even the BJP said we were biased in your favour. You know we journalists actually believe we are doing our job when everyone abuses us.

What should you do you may ask.

Well, I have gone through your manifesto which does read like a detailed piece of work. Just implement that and may be you won’t require another when we talk in 2020.

Meanwhile, please execute the provision for free wi-fi for entire Delhi first, my data charges for the phone cost me a lot!